BOOKS EPUB Poststructuralism A Very Short Introduction BY Catherine Belsey – shelving–for–books.co.uk
Plored us to refer to him as the artist formerly known as Prince And it sort of worked The Signified refers to the actual thing indicated by the signifier The signified in this xample is the actual little purple dude who just recently went over the rainbow bridge to paisley paradise If you re familiar with Prince or the artist formerly know as than you may be capable of decoding interpreting all of these signifiers and assembling them into meaningful structures The fundamental uestion at the heart of both structuralism and poststructuralism isIs meaning the cause or ffect of languageIf your a
#Structuralist Your Answer Would #your answer would the latter According to structuralists we tend to naively relate to our xperience as primary and the langue we use to describe our Claim The Crown experiences as secondary But the structuralists contend that the reverse is the actually case ie that language determinesxperienceRoland Barthes was a French literary theorist linguist and philosopher Barthes Nerds explored a diverse range of ideas important to the inception of poststructuralismHe s probably most know for this declaration of the death of the Author and the birth of the reader Premodern andarly modern literary criticism assumed that it was necessary to understand the intentions of the author in order to understand the meaning of a text Barthes argued that this tactic closed down or institutionalized the meaning of a text and thereby mummified it Barthes advocated for flexibility in interpretation of texts and argued for a direct In the Shadow of the Crown (Queens of England, experience of the text and a fluid and dynamic collective interactive interpretationBarthes argued that the readers interpretation was as valid if not than the authors Hence the death of the author and the birth of the reader Onembarrassing AF Bark example of this can be gleaned from another 90 s pop culture phenomenon and guilty pleasure Pearl JamTheir song Alive was initially conceived of as melancholy and pessimistic But the fans interpreted the song as hopeful and thatventually changed the meaning for On Such a Full Sea everyone including the band Jacues Derrida was like the rock Starr of poststructuralist critical theory He is best known for developing a form of semiotic analysis known as deconstruction That s right he s the guy who launched that meme into the noosphere And when I say meme I m not talking laugh out loud cats here I m talking industrial strength rip a fissure in the fabric of western thought type shitThe deconstructavist approachntails smashing texts into bits and seeing where the meaning is Derrida contended that the further down the meaning hole you go the less meaning you will find Definitions of words are made of words which have definitions which are made of words ad infinitum Deconstruction seeks to Hello, Hippo! Goodbye, Bird! expose and subvertitheror type binary oppositions that characterize thuggishly simplistic ways of thinking Cannibal eg presenceabsence speechwriting subjectobject truefalsetc One of my favorite pieces of graffiti could be found at the Taueria where I used to at when I was in high school It read slogans limit thoughtI think think Derrida might addso do binary oppositionsDeconstructing SaussureDerrida ultimately criticizes the Binary Opposition Of The Signifiersignified opposition of the signifiersignified asserted that structuralism underestimated the primacy of written language Derrida asserts that writing is precisely the way we make construct sense And apparently dollars to if you consider the art of the dealThese arguments are particularly interesting in light of American constitutional law and politicsOne side wants to claim to understand the intentions of the framers of the constitution and rigidly adhere to them But only when it serves their interests The other side of interprets the text as fluid dynamic and volving But only when it serves their interests This seemingly frivolous battles over the meaning of texts have real world implications It feels worthwhile to resurrect the corpse of critical theory in order to lift is the fog from the battlefield and sharpen the sword If nothing Man, Son of Man else it s fun to precisely articulate The fact that themperor has no clothes save for his line of branded ties Significant influences on poststructuralism include Marxism psychoanalysis and xistential philosophy and phenomenology Important poststructuralist authors include Michel Foucault Judith Butler and Jean Baudrillard They all critiued aspects of structuralism and were considered to comprise poststructuralism s pantheon of heavyosity although Onal theories of language and culture While the author discusses such well known figures as Barthes Foucault Derrida and Lacan she also draws pertinent xamples from literature art film and popular culture unfolding the poststructuralist account of what it means to be a human being About the Series Combining authority. ,
Excellent intro to poststructural thought complete with clear and vivid illustrations and witty xplanations A very good straightfoward place to start if you re interested in poststructuralism In five chapters the author presents us the multiple post structuralism theory From Saussure to Lyotard including Levi Althusser Foucault Barthes Derrida Lacan and Zizek Sex Art Literature and Ethics are some of the depicted themes Lewis Carroll s dialogue between Alice and Humpty Dumpty and the case of Abel s gender changing confronts the idea of meaning as given in advance After poststructuralism meanings are not given but can be changed or deconstructed Post structuralism doesn t deprive us of the power to change Power is movable There are conflicts and we choose sides Derrida s last works are Devoid of coherent structure organization of ideas contextual understanding and conceptual connections this is ither the work of a really bad writercommunicator or a total Straussian genius inserting a meta commentary about post structuralism within a work on post structuralism It Useless shitty crap It is difficult to do a short introduction on poststructuralism but this very short introduction is better than some of the other subjects in the series I have read and much better than the godawful introduction to postmodernism Oxford inexplicably allowed One of the problems with this subject is it assumes you know something about a number of other subjects before you Uncommon Wisdom even read it like feminism psychoanalysis Marxism literary criticismtc Unseen City etc but despite the fact that the author could have written detail this being one of the shorterntries in Art even this short series it still is a pretty good introduction Recentvents have reinvigorated my interest in the sociocultural factors that impact our sense of well being The uality and character of our national discourse has abruptly changed and the psychological impact it has had on nearly God Is in the Crowd everyone Incounter is profoundWhen the dominant cultural discourse is reflective of ones personal world view and when the national practices and policies are progressing in the direction of ones values and in the service of ones interests the feeling is of basic safety and optimism and the impulse is to a maintain the status uo andor b increase the rate of progress When the dominant discourse is hostile to ones world view and the national practices are in opposition to ones values and and interests the feeling is well pretty fuckin awful I don t know about y all but I Have Been Feeling Pretty Critical been feeling pretty critical for better or worse and I have been craving some critical theory to hopefully lend acuity to my Attracting Songbirds to Your Backyard experience of the shit storm of wounding words and ideas that have been flying around the data sphere as of lateI read a bunch of critical theory in college but that was a long time ago and I have been in a very different head space for a good long time and I wanted a little refresher So what the F is poststructuralismPoststructuralism is an intellectual movement defined by its critical relationship to its predecessor structuralism hence the nameStructuralism was a primarily European philosophical and linguistics movement one of modernities many ism s based on the work of Swiss linguist Ferdinand De Saussure who along with Charles Sanders Pierce pronounced purse founded the field of semiotics ie the study of signs and symbols and their useinterpretationSaussure is most known for his theory of The Sign which differentiates symbolic language into a signifier and b signifiedA Sign refers to anything with symbolic valueg a logo word glyph rude hand gesture The Matriarchs (The Family etc According to Saussure signs only have meaning because we people collectively decide and agree that they have meaning Forxample The word Prince is a sign that refers to among other things the American singer songwriter multi instrumentalist and record producer known for his flamboyant stage presence xtravagant dress makeup and wide vocal range The Signifier refers to a sign s physical form such as a sound printed word or image as distinct from its meaning The signifier is in this xample the actual word Prince the meaning of which is arbitrary ie the word has no intrinsic meaning it s just a sound and it can mean what When I Moan (Vassi and Seri 1: Russian Stepbrother Romance) ever we want it to as long as we agreeThat particularxample Prince was so arbitrary in fact that the dude switched signifiers in mid career from a word Prince to a freaky gender fucked suiggle and im. Poststructuralism changes the way we understand the relations between human beings their culture and the world Following a brief account of the historical relationship between structuralism and poststructuralism this Very Short Introduction traces the key arguments that have led poststructuralists to challenge traditi. .
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Any of them rejected the moniker That s a pretty fussy crowd and I would xpect nothing less Poststructuralist s created
#constructs and language to deconstruct language In so doing they stumbled on to some deep territory just beyond #and language to deconstruct language In so doing they stumbled on to some deep territory just beyond reach of languageThe thing the poststructuralist s were trying to do with language and thought ie disassemble the masters house with the masters own tools seems uixotic but is actually uite importantCritical theory pushed up against the dge of 3rd person perspectives but could not surpass a certain boundary due to methodological constraints That boundary is where the social sciences beginI m a therapistI m always trying to use language to deconstruct and Crush It! explore anmotion memory idea belief or intention I also have a background in the arts In fact I was first introduced to pomo theory in art school in the 90 sI m very interested in the vin diagram zone of overlap between the humanities and the social sciences Therapy is as much an art form as a science Therapy void of profundity is denatured Therapy void of validity is Attracting Birds to Your Backyard effeteEuropean psychodynamic schools of psychotherapy are grounded in the humanities American cognitive behavioral schools of psychotherapy are grounded in scientific pragmatismPostmodern theory is like a bridge between the two worlds For me this book did what it said on the tin I ve skirted around PS in its different forms for a while now when dabbling in semiotics and critical theorytc and really wanted to know a little about what it s all about without burdening myself with a loaded textbookIt s not an Deep Listening easy subject I don t believe anyone who says they find itasy It challenges on uite a fundamental level a lot of the structures and common ideas on society and language This book barely skims the surface But what it is is a menu See what takes your fancy and then you can pursue those lines of Bird-by-Bird Gardening enuiry yourself to read furtherFor me I came away with a peeked interest in learning about Saussure Foucault he sounds like fun and Derrida he sounds far too clever for me It also reignited a little love affair I had with Freudian teachings a while agoIn summary it does contain difficult language and ideas because it s dealing with a subject that is built upon challenging language and ideas As short as it is I wouldn t necessary consider it anasy read But if I wanted that I d try a Dummies guide succinct and to the point without the use of The Works of Saint Augustine extra difficult diction or over complicatedxplanationsa remarkable book in the series Poststructuralism A Very Short Introduction Very Short Introductions 73 Catherine Belsey Poststructuralism changes the way we understand the relations between human beings their culture and the world Following a brief account of the historical relationship between structuralism and poststructuralism this Very Short Introduction traces the key arguments that have led poststructuralists to challenge traditional theories of language and culture While the author discusses such well known figures as Barthes Foucault Derrida and Lacan she also draws pertinent Unbuttoning the CEO (The Suits Undone examples from literature art film and popular culture unfolding the poststructuralist account of what it means to be a human being Is the author talking about linguistics now Or politics Or metaphysics Oh wait it s popular culture No it sthics Or is it psychoanalysis Art theory Anthropology Or just literary criticismNormally I love multi tasking authors and theories of My Teacher Is a Robot everything but when I go through the above in just two pages I know there s a problem there And yet this isxactly what I feel when I read poststructuralism related authors No most of them don t like to be called poststructuralist Sadly this very short introduction suffers the same problemBelsey manages to be clearer than the thinkers she presents in the book Supper Club especially in Chapter 3 Difference and Desire Despite her and my bestfforts however in the other chapters I felt sharply oscillating between Well this is pretty obvious and Well this doesn t make sense at all another feature that the book shares with the founding texts of poststructuralismIf a school of thought shares with the founding texts of poststructuralismIf a school of thought its confused and obscure style Moanas New Friend (Disney Moana) even in the text of a very short introduction for lay people it seems only fair to conclude once again thatither these authors don t have anything substantial to say or they have discovered an Professional Capital esoteric truth that they cannot communicate If we remember how much they despise such truths we re left with only one option. With wit accessibility and style Very Short Introductions offer an introduction to some of life's most interesting topics Written byxperts for the newcomer they demonstrate the finest contemporary thinking about the central problems and issues in hundreds of key topics from philosophy to Freud uantum theory to Isla. ,