Pdf Ebook Great Society ´ Amity Shlaes – shelving–for–books.co.uk
Ritual in Its Own Right eShlaes has provided a useful if not particularly succinct history of the 1960s one which resonates with many of the problems riots cultural self flagellation politically motivated violence campus turmoil that we arexperiencing in 2020 There is nothing new underneath the sun wrote the author of Ecclesiastes Reading Great Society in 2020 once again proves that statement s veracity The glaring statistic never mentioned in Great Society is that the social programs nacted during the 60 s achieved what they set out to and poverty fell from a high of 19% 64 to a low of 11% 74 Shlaes never mentions this inconvenient fact because it would conflict with this work of historical revisionism that subtly attempts to make the case that government programs are bound to fail and have negative conseuences But what can one xpect from an author who wrote a book of praise for Calvin Coolidge and is the chairperson for handing out the Hayek Prize for the Manhattan Institute It s subtle in that the book is for the most part made up of inside political baseball mostly reporting on the goings on and interactions of key players within the Kennedy Johnson Nixon administrations Heck the last 13 of the book has to do with Nixon s focus on international affairs and battle with Arthur Burns at the Fed on monetary policy and the inevitable Philadelphia: A Photographic Tour (Highsmith, Carol M., Photographic Tour,) ending of Bretton Woods while social policy largely takes a back seat It s also subtle because Shlaes is an old school conservative who doesn t outright opine on drowning the government in a bathtub a la Grover Noruist as one is instead peppered with dog whistles along the way the only social scientist mentioned along with the way is Thomas Sowellye roll As a work of pure history it s too terrible when she sticks to facts however it doesn t have anything that s not covered in depth and better lsewhere This is a well written and researched book The book for me was written in such a way that lets the reader determine herhis own views on the subject I spent a great deal of time pondering and reflecting on the content of the book Having been a child during the Great Society ra I agree with the fact that the federal government during this ra redefined its role in the arts on media television and radio and public schools As Shlaes taught us Washington left no area untouched p 6 In turn the federal government became intrusive in the 1960s The lesson learned was that the hypocrisy of how the middle class and the poor were treated began to limit our ability to innovate One of the biggest lessons we should take from this book and the 1960s and 1970s is our need to find ways to truly valuate programs which we still do not have Any time there are programs initiated by government we need to be able to answer whether the programs were worth and cost and if they achieved what was promised This made me think of another of Shlaes great books Coolidge where we learned of Coolidge s disdain for using legislation to Vater und Sohn unterwegs experiment In my blog post Remember Freedom Is Yours Until You Give It Up I spoke of how Harry Truman always spoke of the nuances of leadership and the Great Society must be studied which Shlaes did in the nuanced context of the relationship of the Vietnam War poverty and civil rights Dr Byron L Ernest Should be reuired reading for ANYONE who thinks the govt canven Gesturing Toward Reality: David Foster Wallace and Philosophy ease poverty55 years of failure makes sense in view of the labyrinthine tiers of govt and regulations policy wonks whose ideas are untethered from reality andndless politicsAt its core the book highlights that those in govt believe that folks simply can t help themselvesOh and going off the gold standard was the result of being unable to pay for the breadth of social programs This was the beginning of the nd of American fiscal solvency Fast forward and the US is 25 trillion in debt One of the reviews of this book by a prominent newspaper referred to the author as a revisionist historian I would add the adjective selective To make her case of the failures of the great society she cherry picks programs that were less than successful and neglects government programs that moved the needle She also tars and feathers unions particularly Walter Reuther head of the UAW At least unions help create and sustain the middle class which today is fighting to survive in an ra of disparate income ineuality I was interested in reading this book after seeing a play about the great society I have to say this was a disappointing read as it was so one sided I thought historians were supposed to be objective social scientists Maybe Ms Shlaes is of an advocate for rugged individualism than a historian While she is a very good writer I can not recommend this book as a historical work A few weeks ago I watched Once Upon a Time in Hollywood and uentin Tarantino s movie delivered to me what I have been seeking Namely the My Age of Anxiety exact point America careened off the path to flourishing abandoning our long mostly successful search forver increasing xcellence and achievement It was 1969 As the shadows lengthen and the darkness spreads perhaps it does not matter when twilight fell But why twilight fell does MUCH OF THE ANSWER CAN much of the answer can found in the pages of Amity Shlaes new The Great Society which narrates the decade s massive xpansion of government and of lite power all in the service of the Left that we were told was certain to give us Utopia but instead destroyed our civilizationThat America was being destroyed was not completely obvious at the time In fact America sixty years ago could absorb a lot of abuse until the arly 1970s America still seemed mostly on track just colorful around the No Peace for the Damned edges as shown in Tarantino s movie In it the older America of a sense of duty and a desire for achievement tempered by human foibles is contrasted with the new America of thieving murderous hippiesmancipated from unchosen bonds by the social changes imposed on us during the 1960s and acting badly as men and women always do when so The Darfsteller And Other Stories emancipated A society composed of such cannot succeed or accomplish anything at all something known to wise men throughout all ages but which we were made to forget to our harm and sorrowThe moviends differently than real life in real life the hippies won and as a result we have accomplished nothing of any importance since 1969 Do not forget it has been fifty one years since 1969 when we landed men on the Moon and 1969 was sixty six years after men first flew Compare the More Bitter Than Death eras and weep for we now know that 1969 was our apogee and thatver since we have blindly stumbled along a crooked path that leads nowhere But in failure lies opportunity I think that if we play it right the 1960s will merely have been a detour off the path We can now return to the straight path but only if we have the will to make hard choices to sell the present for a time to pay for our future As the Wuhan virus spreads through our hollowed out society perhaps indeed now is the time We will seeThat the 1960s spelled the Vom schwarzen Revier zur neuen Welt: gesammelte Gedichte effectivend of America is not to the perceptive news In fact it is apparently the subject of two recent books I have not yet read though I will Ross Douthat s The Decadent Society and Christopher Caldwell s Age of Entitlement But those are books pitched to a small audience and most Americans ven today live under a spell For fifty years our ruling class has used their control of ducation and televisual media to indoctrinate our children and hoodwink our adults by painting an utterly false picture of the 1960s The party line has been that the decade was a shining time for America when we overthrew old verities and The Black Calhouns: From Civil War to Civil Rights with One African American Family emancipatedveryone in society resulting in a coruscating new dawn of liberty for America And by unfortunate coincidence our Shadows in a Timeless Myth elites had and gladly used a peerless tool to silence objections because it was in the 1960s that African Americans the sole American group worthy of any type ofmancipation or the subject of any relevant and unjust oppression in American history actually got the civil rights promised them in 1865 This allowed any objection to any aspect of the Left C++ Primer edifice built in the 1960s to be cast as racism and ignored which it still is today hugely reinforced by new malicious Left doctrines such as intersectionality thereby creating the very real risk of racial conflict in any American rebirth I do not have a solution for that yetOn to the book Shlaes is known as a historian of thearly twentieth century Her biography of Calvin Coolidge and her history of the Great Depression The Forgotten Man are modern classics This is straight history with no ideological overlay Shlaes is not really here to criticize the 1960s or their most visible manifestation the so called Great Society Yes the hubris of the men at the nation s helm is on pristine display but Shlaes presents the facts almost without comment letting the reader draw his own conclusionsThe author organizes her chapters by short periods months or years She also pulls through certain themes among them the television series Bonanza which first aired at the turn of the decade and went off the air a few years into the 1970s Bonanza reruns of which I watched with my grandfather as a child was an optimistic show reflecting an optimistic America one where anything could be accomplished with hard work and the right attitude most of all knowing and doing one s duty In 1960 Americans correctly perceived themselves as strong and the federal government which had vastly less reach than today and directly touched the average American s life nearly not at all as a partner in continuing that strength Big business labor and the government openly cooperated to veryone s perceived benefit True there was always some tension about how the pie got distributed with intermittent conflicts between labor and management and fears in many uarters that sociali. Sic conomic xpertise and deep historical knowledge Shlaes challenges the traditional narrative of 1960s America and Johnson’s xperiment recasting the story of the Great Society as a tale of hubris that remains conseuential for America fifty years laterContemporary Americans share many of the concerns that bedeviled Presidents Kennedy and Johnson and their voters Racial differences Zees Story economic opportunity and outcomes abuse of political power andstablishment corruption trouble us now just as these issues preoccupied the nation then Yet today poverty remains intractable and is actually growing. A worthy follow up to The Forgotten Man Shlaes reminds us that The New Deal was not the only attempt to remake America s conomy or society from above and that many of the ideas considered novel are choes of past failures One would not have to reach particularly far to find choes of John Connally or LBJ in Trump s conomic programme or in the speeches of the Democratic primary field The Great Society s failures are an interesting melange of populism and technocracy of blustering vulgarians and seemingly altruistic xperts convinced they could do better for states and localities from above than what could these communities could ver see bubble up from below And we would be well advised to study them closely lest we be saddled with some of the same conseuences All Lost Things economic stagnation hollowed communities and seething unrest that accompanied the last round And as with The Great Society where innocuous policy gestures begat sweeping changes to theconomic and political landscape g government mployee unionization we can doubtless One Man's Justice expect unintended conseuences to follow The LBJs and Sargent Shrivers of thatra and the Elizabeth Warrens and Bernies and Donald Trumps of this one would have been better served by Burke than by A Little Hotel On The Side either populism or technocracy This book deserves two appendices one from Daniel Patrick Moynihan who wrote in an article for Public Interest reprinted in the National Interest Our best hope for the future lies in thextension to social organization of the methods that we already Heute Ziehst Du Aus: Roman employ in our most progressive fields offfort In science and in industry we do not wait for catastrophe to force new ways upon us We rely and with success upon uantitative analysis to point the way and we advance because we are constantly improving and applying such analysis The other is from Frederich Hayek and predates the period discussed by Shlaes The Uses of Knowledge in Society takes the opposite point to Moynihan that it is impossible for those in the center to know or anticipate the individual knowledge that ach of us possess Had he known the Moynihan article Hayek would have torn it to shreds The period immediately before and after the creation of the Great Society that mishmash of programs which spent tons of money and accomplished little there are plenty of other books which demonstrate the folly of most of those programs was one of ascendancy of the Moynihan point of view Hayek argued that pricing allows us to make decisions which make sense not always but mostly When you substitute macro valuations for micro a lot can go wrongI am a big fan of Moynihan he was a very smart guy At one point when he was a Senator I had the opportunity with a group of about six academics to have dinner with him and talk tax policy Each of the academics when the Senator began to talk instinctively began to take notes He was a charming and smart guy who influenced federal policy for a generation and a good deal of his work was important for clarifying how things should workShlaes does her usual job of researching a period and then coming up with interesting conclusions This is not like the book on the Depression where she came up with a uniue interpretation of the causes and Kapriolen Des Schicksals[Roman] end of the depression The Forgotten Man Early in the book she argues that Kennedy Johnson and Nixon were basically one president all convinced that putting the right kind ofxperts on any societal problem would solve them Shlaes does an amazing job of describing the policy debates in and outside of the three administrations that formed key things which influenced a generation from the stumbling into the Vietnam War to trying to The Magnanimous Heart eliminate poverty to all sorts of other programs an initiatives Many of the major programs were developed not with high minded policy research if indeed there really is such a thing but with base political intrigues For me the most fascinating descriptions came from the discussions of Johnson s attention to the Vietnam war with his reliance on numbers guys like McNamara Johnson sgo thought he could manipulate vents both domestically and internationally The blot on his record is that in both Vietnam and the War on Poverty he overestimated his brilliance But he was not alone in that problem The other discussion was the August 1971 convening of Nixon s conomics team which Over Mintmarks and Hot Repunched Mintmarks eventually proposed a series of disastrousconomic policies including wage and price controls tariffs and floating gold changes which ultimately defined the rest of the decade as pretty horrible In both cases xperts were baffled by the knowledge of time and placeI am admittedly a skeptic of much of what passes for policy analysis But there is certainly a place for careful research But this book should bring caution to all who believe that we can solve our problems in the way that Moynihan spoused Amity Shlaes makes the case that a number of folks from the left and the Democrat party in the 1960 s wanted to turn America into a socialist society LBJ Great Society policies were a disaster Government bureaucrats checking public housing projects at night to make sure husband were not living with their wives and kids Polies that ncourage families to break up Very good book with lots of details on the
I highly it She is a great writer and very asy to read Writing narrative history is an often attempted occasionally mimicked rarely perfected skill History despite the opinions which so commonly fly about about social and traditional media is complex and weaving diverse strands of historical stories into a cohesive whole is a difficult feat The late Thomas Fleming The New Dealers War FDR and the War Within World War II The Illusion of Victory America in World War I A Disease in the Public Mind A New Understanding of Why We Fought the Civil War was a master of this craft Amity Shlaes has herself developed a reputation as a very fine historical writer previously detailing respected works on The Great Depression and President Calvin Coolidge However her latest book and the first of her works that I ve read Great Society left me slightly disappointed To be sure I know much about the political and cultural problems of the 1960s after having read this book but as a work of narrative history it leaves something to be desiredShlaes Alamo Story: From Early History to Current Conflicts effort is to weave a story of not just the Great Society programs of Lyndon B Johnson but to assess at a high level those programs along with their social and political precursors and progeny The scope of the book then is not just the period of Johnson s presidency but thentire decade of the 1960s plus a year or two on ither nd Shlaes runs her narrative through a wide range of figures politicians like Johnson Richard Nixon Ronald Reagan Georgeplayers i highly
Romney And An Entireand an Isabel de Solis, Soraya: Un Cuento de Amor En La Alhambra entire of Kennedys businessmen from stodgy old school GExecutives to trailblazing tech innovators bureaucrats like the arnest Pat Moynihan and the put upon Arthur Burns social activists like labor union leader Walter Ruether and socialist Tom Hayden and improbably the cast of Bonanza The sheer number of figures makes following the narrative a challenge a problem compounded by Shlaes often playing fast and loose with her timeline In one passage for instance we see President Johnson shuffling Defense Secretary Robert McNamara off to the World Bank in order to politically neuter him but a few pages later we find Johnson consulting McNamara about the Tet Offensive in Vietnam It turns out that the narrative has jumped forward in time several months only to bounce back giving the impression that McNamara held two jobs at one time and wasn t performing ither one particularly wellThese challenges with the book are probably a bit nit picky because Shlaes overriding goal is obviously to show the failures in the attempts to centrally plan the The First Secret of Edwin Hoff economy and foreign policy and society at large and in this goal she generally succeeds At both the beginning and thend of the book Shlaes invokes FA Hayek to show the problems with planning noting that government agents whether lected politicians or the new class of bureaucrats that found mployment in the 1960s simply do not have the right information or nough of it to make the millions of decisions that take place very day in a complex society and that when these figures attempt to do so unintended conseuences that often dwarf the initial problem rear their ugly inevitable heads This was a problem País íntim encountered and occasionally acknowledged by the planners of FDR s New Deal and it s no surprise to find that the Great Societyra planners had no success in overcoming the laws of nature than their New Deal predecessors had Towards the Under Lock and Key end of the book Shlaes captures nicely the problem that faced the planners of the Kennedy Johnson Nixon administrations After detailing Nixon s Camp David summit at which it was decided that price and wage controls would benacted and the gold standard abandoned in order to deal with the inflation and unemployment brought on by a decade of failed spending and planning Shlaes writesThe story of the 1960s was public unemployment brought on by a decade of failed spending and planning Shlaes writesThe story of the 1960s was public upon reform first community action then housing then the random tinkering with the currency system then guaranteed income and the assault of the lawyers Like the Vietnam record the record of the Best and the Brightes at home suggested that planning was far tougher than authorities pretended Indeed the only reason they all had to make these momentous choices at Camp David at this time was that all the arlier reforms proved so costly that foreign governments were losing faith in the United States Might not this ffort at managing the Lignin Biodegradation: Microbiology, Chemistry, and Potential Applications: Volume II economy the mostxtravagant planning hubris of all fail as wellThe answer implied obviously is yes though the uestion is pregnant with nough possibilities that one could plausibly anticipate a seuel But until then. The author of the New York Times bestsellers The Forgotten Man and Coolidge offers a provocative and conversation changing look at President Lyndon B Johnson’s Great Society and how its failures reverberate to this dayIn The Great Society Amity Shlaes argues that just as Franklin Delano Roosevelt’s New Deal overshadowed a generation of forgotten men Lyndon B Johnson’s Great Society gave rise to a silent majority a coterie of dispossessed citizens made famous by Richard Nixon and celebrated by Donald Trump who rejected what they saw as the federal government’s overreach Drawing on her clas. ,
Sm was lurking just around the corner In 1960 through 1962 there were some rumblings of conomic discontent and almost unnoticed the pernicious adoption by President Kennedy of an Velvet Ropes (Club Undercover executive order allowing governmentmployees to unionize But there was little to suggest new problems aheadTrouble was being brewed by the Left though Of course the Left had long been striving to get a grip on America but had never managed to dominate Freud and His Followers even the most obvious areas such as factory workers The unions were in fact mostly ferociously anti Communist and a key part of the necessary and heroic suppression by Americans of Communism during the 1930s 1940s and 1950s Realizing this the traditional American hard Left had switched to dominating the culture the institutions and morphed into the New Left Shlaes acknowledges this was a multi decade program of the Left The long march through the institutions that Antonio Gramsci sketched out and Rudi Dutschke demanded had succeeded In America this was the project of the infamous Frankfurt School I have covered that historylsewhere In Pjesme effect therefore this book is a history of how the New Left took power and ruined AmericaShlaes focuses on the Port Huron meeting of June 1962 which sowed the seeds of much of the rest of the decade Port Huron was a meeting of well to do young New Left activists organized and paid for by the United Auto Workers naivelyager to nlist young people in the goal of helping keep the pie properly divided Politics was nothing new for the great union leaders such as Walter Reuther but what the UAW and its lders did not realize is that the young leftists they recruited believed pies grew on trees and anyway were less interested in pies and interested in destruction of the American system and its replacement by something ntirely new The older American Left xemplified by Reuther wanted social democracy in the European mold The New Left wanted as the ideological Left has always wanted since the 1700s a complete reworking of society to achieve a new utopian paradise of justice and uality But Reuther and his compatriots could not see thisThe degeneration heralded by the New Left did not manifest itself into sudden xistence it had long been in preparation and had multiple parents not just the Frankfurt School It began in arnest sixty years before among the Progressives who rejected America and demanded its replacement by a technocracy Such men took advantage of in seuence crises to implement their vision first World War I then the Depression then World War II To the observant by the 1960s signs of the rot created by the Left were all around from the destruction of classical architecture to the perversions of higher ducation William F Buckley called out in God and Man at Yale The clear Nacht eyed among us such as Ronald Reagan warned us butven then the lite rained contempt on Reagan and his message thereby strengthening those actively seeking to undermine AmericaWhy the Left has the will and ability to xecute such a strategy over a century and the Right has so far not is a topic for another time But that reality is on full display in this history beginning with the Presidency of John Kennedy It was those young Port Huron type leftists along with their slightly older leaders such as Michael Harrington who in 1961 uickly began to strongly influence the direction of America Kennedy surrounded himself with men who were open to left wing goals and insufferably utopian though most were still not wholly of the New Left Shlaes narrates how an obsessive topic of discussion among Kennedy s White House staff immediately after Kennedy s inauguration was wondering how they would spend their time in the last two years of Kennedy s term after they had solved all the nation s problems during the first two years But when Kennedy was shot and Johnson came to power it immediately became clear that Johnson wanted nothing than huge federal programs in the mold of the New Deal only bigger and better to cement his legacy programs that the Left with its infrastructure in waiting could and did asily use for their own purposesShlaes deftly sketches Johnson s tools his solid Democratic majorities in Congress his own political abilities the manufactured sense of mergency used to circumvent democratic checks always a favorite tool of the Left We go through 1964 with a cast of characters once famous who have now left the stage The Collaborative Habit: Life Lessons for Working Together everyone from Daniel Patrick Moynihan to Sargent Shriver Right off the bat Johnson and the men who advised him rammed through massive anti poverty legislation based on New Left principles In November Johnson waslected to the Presidency in his own right by a landslide This cemented Johnson s desire and ability to Curse of Rocky Colavito execute the now named Great Society which meant fountains of cash distributed at all levels along with many other pernicious non monetary changes such as huge increases in legal immigration One level was the federal government where massive new programs sprouted like weeds But a second level was handouts of tax dollars to states most of all to large cities where poverty and Democrats were concentrated Shlaes goes into great detail about these various programsverything from the massive new housing developments to Head Start Some of the mayors specially Republican mayors resented that the price of free money from Washington was toeing the line that Washington set but they had no real choice and Johnson s compliant Congress changed the laws whenever necessary to nsure that local control was a mere fiction And a side ffect of money sluicing down from and controlled from above was rosion of America s intermediary institutions a bulwark against leftist domination but already in decline due to government xpansion of previous decadesThese Great Society programs all had as a primary goal the funding of the Left as an institution and were the beginning of the massive self sustaining cosystem of the modern Left where to this day The Kennel Club's Illustrated Breed Standards: The Official Guide to Registered Breeds enormous sums flow from government business and private individuals andntities to fund a galaxy of leftist pressure groups In 1965 for Sons of Brahma example Mayor Richard Daley of Chicago was handed money for a community action program to hire one thousand full time community action representatives at a salary of 4070ach about 35000 today Such representatives were instructed from Washington in the form of a 262 page book that ncouraged organizing the poor to protest to demand handouts using the techniues pioneered by Saul Alinsky In later years an ambitious young man growing up in Hawaii would move to Chicago and slot himself directly into this by then long xisting cosystem ultimately leveraging it to make himself President This funding and support from well connected lders has always been lacking on the Right which is a problem the Right must solve in order to achieve any of its goalsShlaes also touches on the importance of the radical leftist judiciary in cementing the Great Society creating law out of whole cloth that fit with the ideology being implemented Such decisions included Goldberg v Kelly deeming government handouts a property right Reynolds v Sims rewriting the Constitution to nsure states with big cities were ruled by those cities and many other Supreme Court decisions And on a lower level thousands of suits were brought by the government funded Legal Services Corporation created to serve the poor in their Legal Services Corporation created to serve the poor in their disputes such as divorces and property but weaponized to instead frustrate any legislative choice that did not conform to the goals of the Left and still used for that purpose joined today by nearly all the top law firms in America Such domination of the judiciary by the Left on display most recently in the practice of federal district judges immediately blocking any action by Donald Trump not approved by the Left by issuing illegitimate nationwide injunctions is another major problem blocking future Right victories Only by crushing such Left judicial opposition and restoring the federal judiciary to its proper xtremely modest role or by having Right judges finally use their power in the same way as Left
Judges Have For Sixty Yearshave for sixty years the Right winMeanwhile Tom Hayden and other firebrands of the New Left were moving Tocqueville even further leftward unhappy that the Great Society was not radicalnough In 1965 and 1966 openly supporting Communism in North Vietnam became the new chic and Hayden and his compatriots traveled to North Vietnam receiving the usual Potemkin village treatment and Rebel Girls eagerly believing the lies they were fed Later Hayden and his wife Jane Fonda would name their son after a Vietnamese Communist assassin who had tried to kill Robert McNamara by bombing a bridge over which his motorcade was to pass This drove a wedge between the leftists in the White House and theven radical set outside it but also A Treason of Thorns ensured that further movement Left continued as the younger generation of leftists replaced the olderSoonnough no surprise Review completes as first comment Amity Shlaes 2018 analysis of Johnson s Great Society programs is informative and nlightening if a little dryShlaes casts a critical ye on the progressive policies that still shape our lives than fifty years later While she is openly skeptical of the results to her credit she provides an objective review of the good that was accomplished then and the foundations for a better society that we can see now particularly in civil liberties and better racial Martha, du nervst!: Von einem anderen Umgang mit Demenz eualityShlaes greatest rebuke however is on the well intentioned but failed attempts to alleviate poverty and she offers well researchedconomic xplanations for how and why many of the results were unsuccessfulA conservative approach to a complicated period on our history but also a well written chronicle and one that should be read by proponents of modern progressive ideals. And the costs of programs such as Medicare and Medicaid are spiraling as the number of people claiming benefits grows The uestion the Great Society tried to answer remains the same how can we build a better future for all Americans Shlaes contends that only an understanding of the historical record can make optimism and practical solutions possibleA deep analysis of the government policy that has shaped politics and society for fifty years The Great Society is an authoritative and well reasoned reinterpretation of Johnson’s signature achievement and the momentous period in which it was conceive.